Research estimates that only one in three Americans has an advance directive, a number that is substantially lower among communities of color, those of lower socio-economic status, and lower levels of education. This semester, College of Law students in Professor…
Syracuse Sociologists Shine at National Conference
More than a dozen members of the Department of Sociology presented their research at the 110th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (ASA), held in Chicago recently. They join approximately 4,600 other presenters for more than 600 program sessions.
The theme of this year’s meeting was “Sexualities in the Social World.”
“ASA provides a unique platform for junior and senior sociologists to showcase their scholarly work,” says Madonna Harrington Meyer, a Meredith Professor and chair of the department. “That we consistently have a strong showing at this meeting speaks volumes about the University’s role in cutting-edge research and practice.”
Dow is an assistant professor of sociology whose ASA paper is titled “Challenging the Controlling Image of the Thug: Raising African American Boys and Confronting Gendered Racism.” Through extensive interviews with middle- and upper-middle-class African American mothers, Dow shows how the controlling image of the “thug” influences their parenting styles.
“Participants were concerned with preventing their sons from being perceived as criminals and with protecting their physical safety,” says Dow, a faculty fellow in the both the Institute for the Study of the Judiciary, Politics and the Media, and the Syracuse University Humanities Center. “They use four strategies to navigate these challenges: experience management and environment management, which manage the characteristics of their communities; and image management and emotion management, which manage their sons’ demeanors.”
Kurien, a professor of sociology, is founding director of the college’s Asian/Asian-American Studies Program. Her ASA paper, “Contemporary Ethno-Religious Groups and Political Activism in the United States,” is part of a session on political sociology, addressing race, ethnicity and religion. She says the paper is largely a reaction to a dearth of scholarship on the role religion plays in shaping the political mobilization of immigrants in North America.
“I examine how majority-versus-minority religion status in the United States and in the homeland shape patterns of political activism around U.S.-based and homeland-based issues,” says Kurien, adding that much of her focus is on Hindu, Sikh, Muslim and Christian groups from India. “Indian American groups present a good way to examine the role of religion-versus-ethnicity in shaping patterns of mobilization, since Indian Americans are religiously diverse and have become politically active.
London and Wilmoth, both professors of sociology, have a longstanding collaboration focusing on military service and the life course. Their ASA paper, “Life Course Perspectives on Military Service, Gender and Extramarital Sex,” is part of an invited thematic panel on military service and sexuality. London says the paper extends their previous research on the association between veteran status and extramarital and paid sexual relations, respectively, and aims to situate research on military service and sexuality within broader contexts of sexuality studies and scholarship on military service and the life course.
“Our research demonstrates strong associations between veteran status and both paid and extramarital sexual relations during various historical periods, with important distinctions between men and women being evident,” says London, who also is participating in ASA sessions on social policy and on aging and the life course. “Although much research on sexuality focuses on young adults and the transition to adulthood, the literature on the military, an institution in which large numbers of young adults participate, is relatively silent on issues of sexual behavior.
Adds Wilmoth: “There is considerable room for advancing knowledge related to the influence of military service on the initiation, maintenance, frequency and timing of a range of sexual behaviors and relationships, in relation to other life events.”
London and Wilmoth are experts in demography, health and the sociology of aging and the life course. In addition to being members of ASI (which Wilmoth directs), they are IVMF senior fellows and CPR senior research affiliates.
Hausauer, a Ph.D. candidate, presented a paper titled “A Whole Bunch of Combustibles: Welfare Rules and Barriers to Compliance.” Using mixed-methods research, including interviews with women who have been sanctioned for failure to comply with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) requirements, she hopes to shed light on the impact of welfare policy on the lives of the poor.
“Findings show that it is often a combination of barriers to compliance that prevent women from following welfare rules,” says Hausauer, alluding to TANF, a federal assistance program that purports to help needy families achieve self-sufficiency. “Far from helping women succeed in the labor market, sanctions merely complicate already difficult lives.”