ARC Students’ Award-Winning Design to Model Future Green Development in China
Three architecture M.S. students in Assistant Professor Fei Wang’s fall 2015 “Low-Carbon City” studio have won second-place—and a $30,000 prize—in the international competition sponsored by the Shenzhen Institute of Building Research (IBR) for design of Shenzhen, China’s Future Low-Carbon Building and Community Innovation Experimental Center (Future Center). IBR has also recently decided to use the team’s WESPACE (WEAVING+SPACE) design proposal for actual construction of the new Future Center, and views this model as a bellwether for future low-carbon modernization in underdeveloped industrial sites in cities across China.
“At first I was shocked … but then, I wasn’t. I really believed it was possible,” says Wang. He used the design challenges set forth by IBR as the foundation of his studio and encouraged his students not to feel intimidated by the high level of competition they’d face from professional architects. “I told my students that being in an academic setting gives them opportunity to explore with no boundaries. I wanted them to believe that they could achieve great things.”
In the end, Jee Yeon Han (B.Arch ’15, MS ’16), Wen-Chieh Chang (MS ’16) and Seungah Sally Lee (B.Arch ’15, MS ’16) were the only architecture students among the competition jurors’ short list of competition finalists. At the conclusion of an earlier phase of the competition, three of Wang's students had won honorable mention, and the studio became more confident in its architectural design capabilities. The second-place final win that followed brought tremendous validation and satisfaction. “I didn’t expect the award at all,” says Lee. “It means a lot since it was my first competition. I still cannot believe it.”
“It’s very exciting,” says Dean Michael Speaks, “and while this win is sure to open doors for the student designers, the efforts of the entire studio further the anticipation of possibilities put forth by the M.S. program’s new Design|Energy|Futures concentration, officially launching in fall 2016.”
The city of Shenzhen was established in 1979 by China’s central government and the Guangdong provincial government as a new economic zone that would extend two hours beyond Hong Kong, along the opposite shore of the Pearl River. Since that time the city has grown from a fishing village with a population of 20,000 to a global hub for design and technology, with a population of 18 million. In 2012, the Shenzhen International Low Carbon City was created in the Pingdi subdistrict—the most underdeveloped area of Shenzhen and typical of many cities undergoing industrialization—as a flagship project of the EU-China Urbanization Partnership, with the intent of exploring explore sustainable improvements.
In summer 2015, IBR—a national high tech and key cultural enterprise—purchased an 11,037-square-meter parcel of land as the site for the new Future Center. From that point it launched the international competition to solicit progressive proposals in areas of technology and design to inform its direction.
IBR decided to construct the Future Center using WESPACE because it presents architecture in a changeable and shareable form. The students’ design proposes an economic scaleable modular approach, integrating a wide range of low-carbon features. In addition, it weaves together public and private spaces, allowing for flexible multiuse programming ranging from residential to business to recreational.
- Building units are modular in design, each 9’ x 9’ x 9’, the most efficient system for living and working.
- Modular construction minimizes use of natural resources.
- The modules allow for maximum efficiency in mechanical systems.
- The proposal meets the >100 percent green ratio requirement by including plantings in vertical, rooftop and ground surfaces.
- The flexible design allows for greenery and microclimate zones within various modules.
- The design includes a variety of open spaces, helping air flow freely.
- The choice of soft material used for the building’s façade has a filtering quality to improve air quality and moisture control.
- The design is easily adaptable for projects at a full range of scales in density.
It is expected that IBR will continue to purchase parcels of land in Low Carbon City, and Wang hopes to continue to challenge his M.S. students with the possibilities of future development of these sites. Spurred by the program’s recent success, students and faculty from the school will attend the 2016 International Low Carbon Conference in Shenzhen in June and remain engaged on a global scale in sustainability issues that affect cities.